Mendel's law

Mendel's law
noun
(genetics) one of two principles of heredity formulated by Gregor Mendel on the basis of his experiments with plants; the principles were limited and modified by subsequent genetic research
Topics: ↑genetics, ↑genetic science
Hypernyms: ↑law, ↑law of nature

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\\ˈmendəlz-\ noun
Usage: usually capitalized M
Etymology: after Gregor J. Mendel, its formulator
1. : a principle in genetics: paired hereditary units representing alternate characters (as tallness or dwarfness) separate during the formation of gametes so that every gamete receives but one member of a pair — called also law of segregation
2. : a principle in genetics limited and modified as a result of the subsequent discovery of the phenomenon of linkage: the corresponding hereditary units in a pair of gametes unite in the zygote to form new combinations and recombinations according to the laws of chance — called also law of independent assortment
3. : a principle in genetics proved subsequently to be subject to many limitations: because one of each pair of hereditary units dominates the other in expression, characters are inherited alternatively on an all or nothing basis — called also law of dominance; compare blending inheritance

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Genetics.
[1900-05]

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mendel's law — Men del s law A principle governing the inheritance of many characters in animals and plants, discovered by Gregor J. Mendel (Austrian Augustinian abbot, 1822 84) in breeding experiments with peas. He showed that the height, color, and other… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mendel's law — Men′del s law′ n. 1) gen Also called law of segregation the principle stating that during the production of gametes the two copies of each hereditary factor segregate so that offspring acquire one factor from each parent. 2) gen Also called law… …   From formal English to slang

  • Mendel's law — noun Etymology: Gregor Mendel Date: 1903 1. a principle in genetics: hereditary units occur in pairs that separate during gamete formation so that every gamete receives but one member of a pair called also law of segregation 2. a principle in… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mendel’s law — Men·del’s law (mĕnʹdlz) n. 1. One of two principles of heredity first formulated by Gregor Mendel, founded on his experiments with pea plants and stating that the members of a pair of homologous chromosomes segregate during meiosis and are… …   Universalium

  • Mendel's law — Men·del s law .men dəlz n 1) a principle in genetics: hereditary units occur in pairs that separate during gamete formation so that every gamete receives but one member of a pair called also law of segregation 2) a principle in genetics limited… …   Medical dictionary

  • Mendel's law — Genetics. 1. See law of segregation. 2. See law of independent assortment. [1900 05] * * * …   Universalium

  • Mendel’s law of independent assortment of the genes — each pair of different characters in a hybrid union is independent of the other characters …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Mendel’s law of the segregation of alleles — hybrid peas containing both alleles in most of their cells form egg and pollen cells that contain either the dominant allele or the recessive allele in equal numbers …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • law of dominance — mendel s law 3 …   Useful english dictionary

  • law of independent assortment — n MENDEL S LAW (2) * * * see Mendel s l s …   Medical dictionary

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